Vineyard Landscape

The Etruscans produced wine in Italy before 800 BC

Typical Italian Cellar

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Label Information of Italian Wine

  • Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (D.O.C.G.) or Controlled and Guaranteed Designation of Origin

    The highest classification for Italian wines, introduced in 1963. It signifies controlled production methods and guarantees wine quality. There are strict rules governing the production of DOCG wines, most obviously the permitted grape varieties, yield limits, grape ripeness, winemaking procedures and ageing specifications. Every DOCG wine is subject to official tasting procedures. To prevent counterfeiting, the bottles have a numbered government seal across the neck.
  • Denominazione di Origine Controllata (D.O.C.) or Controlled Designation of Origin

    A step below DOCG, the DOC classification accounts for the majority of wines produced in Italy. The quality control regulations and production methods are less strict (but similar in style) than those applied to DOCG wines, and quality is therefore not guaranteed.
  • Indicazione Geografica Tipica (I.G.T.) or Typical Geographical Indication

    The IGT classification was introduced in 1992, to allow a certain level of freedom to Italy's winemakers. Prior to 1992, many wines did not qualify for DOC or DOCG status not because they were of low quality, but because they were made from grape varieties (or blends) not sanctioned under DOC/DOCG laws. The IGT classification focuses on the region of origin, rather than grape varieties or wine styles.
  • Vino da Tavola (V.D.T.) or Table Wine

    VDT wines are typically of lesser quality than those labeled with IGT, DOC or DOCG.